Extremadura is the fourth-largest region of Spain, but the least populated. As a result, Extremadura – which stretches from the Credos and Gate mountains to the border of Andalucía, and from Castille to the Portuguese frontier – is as close as modern Spain gets to an unspoilt natural heritage.
The region is crossed from east to west by two important rivers: the Guadiana and the Tajo (known in English as the Tagus). The former wends across to Merida and Badajoz then southwards, marking the frontier with Portugal; the latter crosses Portugal and meets the Atlantic just beyond Lisbon. The Tagus also feeds the huge Alcantara reservoir (Tajo International Park nowadays) the largest in Western Europe, giving Extremadura more “inland” coast than any other region in Western Europe.
Culturally, Extremadura is rich with the legacy of the various civilizations that have prevailed in the Iberian Peninsula. Its cuisine, festivals and local traditions have survived the centuries and still form part of everyday life. Historical towns and villages, where the legacy of the past is still visible today.